Automatic cartoning machine operation process
With the rapid development of the food industry, people's demand for food has increased, and the demand for cartoning machinery and equipment has become increasingly obvious. In order to better ensure quality and safety, food processing companies pack products. In the process of food packaging, there is often a process in which the food is put into a box and then sealed. Previously, this process mostly used manual boxing, which was slow and inefficient. The emergence of automatic cartoning machines not only improves the efficiency of cartoning, but also avoids defects caused by manual operations and ensures food quality.
The author learned that the automatic cartoning machine mainly adopts a series of complex transmissions, imitating human actions to automatically load food, medicine, health care products and instructions into the corresponding boxes, and automatically completes the unloading, opening, filling, and capping. Some fully functional automatic cartoning machines also have additional functions such as labeling or heat shrink wrapping. Compared with manual cartoning, automatic cartoning machines can simplify these complex processes. Automatic cartoning machines are now widely used, greatly improving work efficiency and saving labor costs.
However, although the automatic cartoning machine is time-saving and labor-saving, and has high efficiency, there are still some problems due to improper operation or incorrect operation. For example, sometimes the carton is not easy to be opened or jammed due to slight changes in the size and size of the carton; the stability of the machine is relatively poor after long-term high-speed operation, requiring smooth operation, which requires more use of servo system; after long-term operation, the accuracy cannot meet the requirements, the synchronization is not good, and the reliability needs to be improved; if the reliability of the machine is not high, it must be maintained in time to avoid affecting the production progress.
Therefore, the existing problems should be dealt with in a timely manner, and the workflow of the automatic cartoning machine should also be familiar. According to professionals, the automatic cartoning machine is usually divided into four stages when working, that is, lowering the box, opening the box, filling, and finally covering the box, and then the whole process is completed. First, the material is unloaded onto the conveyor belt by the unloading device, and then a photoelectric switch is installed on the conveyor belt to detect whether the product to be placed meets the requirements. If the requirements are met, the PLC will transmit the command to the suction box machine.
Secondly, in general, the action of lowering the box is to suck a carton from the carton feed port by a suction cup, transport it to the main production line of cartoning, fix the carton by a guide rail, and use a push plate to open the carton , At the same time, there will be two forward-moving card positions rising from below, jamming the side of the carton from the front and rear directions, so that the box is opened at a right angle and moved forward to the loading area to wait for the material to be loaded.
In addition, after filling the material and other accessories in the filling area, the relevant device will push the box into the left and right guide rails, and then perform the action of covering the box. It is worth noting that before closing the box, the machine will first bend the tongue of the carton, and then a push plate pushes the box cover to bend, so that the tongue is inserted into the box and the lock is fastened. The action of the cover box is a very critical action, and its completion has a lot to do with the structure of the carton and the accuracy of the machine adjustment. Otherwise, if the cover box action is not in place, it will directly affect the boxing effect.
Finally, when the food and instructions are accurately pushed into the box, the carton will continue to move forward driven by the box chain. After that, through the batch numbering device, the steel characters are marked and then enter the cover box process. It should be noted that a "problem product" removal device is installed on the export conveyor belt, which can remove all the products that have problems detected in the previous food box, unboxing, filling and other processes, so as to better ensure that the food packaging box meets the requirements. Process needs, all are qualified products.
It is undeniable that the automatic cartoning machine not only improves the efficiency of cartoning, saves the cost of manual cartoning for enterprises, but also reduces the error rate of product cartoning to a certain extent and ensures the quality of cartoning. However, users should deal with the existing problems in time during the operation, and at the same time, they should also be familiar with the workflow of the automatic cartoning machine to ensure the normal operation of the automatic cartoning production line.